12.Vega de Valcarce to Samos 48 km

Although all the towns and villages you passed through beyond Ponferrada are Galician speaking it doesn’t automatically mean that you are prepared for the Galicia experience. You are still in Castile and Leon, which means that everything is well organized; at the entrance of every village and town there are Camino boards detailing distances and services; there are plenty of bars and restaurants, a large range of albergues and yellow arrows. Presumably, you assume that things are going to stay like this until Santiago. They won’t. I mentioned before the shabby board hanging on a rusty nail with

Welcome to Galicia

written on it. Now it’s gone, which is a shame, as it gave you a foretaste of what’s to come.

Vega de Valcarce to O'Cebreiro
Vega de Valcarce to O’Cebreiro Copyright OpenStreetMap Contributors

The 15.70 km stage between Vega de Valcarce and O’Cebreiro is long, tiring and of course uphill, so it should be done first thing in the morning. However, as you will see the views are fabulous. Go past the church and continue cycling the local tarmac road. It climbs very gently and 2 km later in Ruitelan (660m; 2 km1 km to Las Herrerias) it joins the N-VI:

Albergue Pequeño Potala, 34 beds, open all year round, heating, 5 Euros

Vega to O'Cebreiro
Vega de Valcarce to O’Cebreiro

Cycle gently uphill for another kilometre and you will get to Las Herrerias (689m; 3 km8.70 km to Pedrafita do Cebreiro). The name of the village derives from the word ‘herrero” that means blacksmith and indeed there is a forge in the village. Delicious breakfasts are served in hotel Paraiso del Bierzo. Las Herrerias itself is below the main road you are cycling as the signpost for La Faba indicates:

Albergue Las Herrerias, 17 beds, opens from mid-April to the end of October, heating, and no designated space for bicycles, 5 Euros

Albergue Casa Lixa, 40 beds, opens from beginning of March to the end of October, heating, 11 Euros

The Camino for the walking pilgrims goes through small settlements – Hospital Ingles, La Faba (albergue) and La Laguna de Castilla (albergue). However, the Camino for walkers is impossible to cycle; there are some narrow, local tarmac roads, but I wouldn’t bother with these either because they are secluded, very steep and quite possibly unmarked. I was in the past in all three villages mentioned and have no recollection of it, which is another good argument for staying on the N-VI.

If you don’t wish to visit Las Herrerias just stay on the N-VI.222 From now on it will get steeper but is virtually traffic free as the highway above you takes it all. It is uphill all the way and the views are amazing. Pass through Las Lamas (2.60 km from Las Herrerias) and past several dozen meters high pylons that support the highway. When the N-VI becomes parallel to the highway head for Pedrafita. From now on the road is busier but also a little bit flatter. It is better to cycle on the hard shoulder. Around 500 meters before Pedrafita you say goodbye to Castilla y Leon. You are officially in Galicia. Nothing is going to be the same again.

Pedrafita do Cebreiro (1109m; 11.70 km4 km to O’Cebreiro) is a small, but busy town. At the entrance, there is a big and usually empty car park with toilets, tables and great views. The panaderia on the corner sells tasty Galician products, highly recommended. Get some rest and then follow the signposts for O’Cebreiro. Now you are cycling on the LU-633 in the direction of Tricastella and Samos. It is only 4 km to O’Cebreiro but it is constantly uphill and pretty exhausting. Again the views are stunning and there are many beauty spots on the way. The signpost to Santiago de Compostela brings some solace. You will meet all the other cyclists gathered around a board that says,

Alto do Cebreiro 1300 m

O’Cebreiro (1300m; 15.70 km3.30 to Linares) is a picturesque village surrounded by mountains. It is small, pristine (European definition of pristine, not Swiss) and looks almost like an open-air ethnographic museum. The views are superb, streets are cobbled, and the houses are of stone. It is one of the places on the Camino that is hard to forget.

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The Pallozas, traditional thatched oval dwellings of Celtic origin, O’Cebreiro, Galicia Photography: Katarzyna Kostrzewska

Iglesia Santa Maria la Real is a contemporary reconstruction of an early medieval structure. In this church a famous Eucharistic miracle took place. In Anno Domini 1300 on a cold and windy winter morning, a Benedictine priest was celebrating mass. The weather was really awful, so he had presumed that no one would show up for the mass. But he was wrong – there was one person, a farmer called Juan Santín from Barxamaior who, despite the weather, decided to come for the Mass. The priest was not impressed: he couldn’t see the point. In his heart, he despised this farmer for coming to the Eucharist, especially since he priest didn’t believe in the Transfiguration of bread and wine into the Flesh and Blood of Jesus Christ. Yet that’s exactly what happened – as the priest uttered the words of Consecration the bread became flesh and the wine became blood and stained the flesh. For more than 180 years the bread that turned to Flesh was left on the paten, untouched, until Queen Isabel I of Castile visited O’Cebreiro and was told about the miracle. She founded a crystal reliquary in which the paten and chalice were placed.

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St Mary Church, 9th century church rebuilt in 60s, Galician Grail is kept here, O’Cebreiro, Galicia Photography: Katarzyna Kostrzewska

A year later in 1487, the Pope certified the truth of the miracle. The crystal reliquary is still exposed today in a side chapel. On the prie-dieus in front of the reliquary, Bibles in all languages are laid out.

A wooden statue of Madonna was present in the church at the time of the miracle and it is alleged that she stretched her neck to see the miracle better. A Madonna statue is present in the church and unlike her other contemporary versions that sit up straight, is indeed bent. The reliquary and Madonna known as a Virgen del Milagro (Madonna of the Miracle), are taken onto the streets of O’Cebreiro in solemn processions on Corpus Christi day, The Assumption (15th August) and the Nativity of the Virgin Mary (8th September). Today the church is a seat of the Franciscan Order while in the past Benedictines lived here and from the 9th century ran a hospice for pilgrims.

The first time I went to Santiago de Compostela I stopped in a village very close to O’Cebreiro and in the evening I went to the church. The priest looked at me and said that he was not going to celebrate Mass for one person. Fuming inside with anger I went to the first bar and shouted out loud “Does anyone want to go to church?” An Irishman quickly finished off his beer, stood up and said, “I will”. The priest celebrated the Mass and it turned out to be an unforgettable experience for my Irish friend and me. Two years later I passed through the same village on my bike and with a spiteful feeling inside I thought “oh let’s see if the priest changed his views about celebrating Mass for one person only”. I went inside the church; there were other pilgrims and the priest too. I looked at him and I knew straight away that he had gone through a deep process of transformation. The frustration was gone, replaced with a profound peace and feeling of sense. I was very moved by this miracle of the metamorphosis of human life. Surely not as spectacular as the one in O’Cebreiro, but one that happened in front of my very own eyes.

The other main tourist attraction in O’Cebreiro is the pallozas, traditional thatched oval dwellings of Celtic origin. IMG_1336They don’t have chimneys – smoke escapes through the thatched roofs. Pallozas were common homes for people and animals, which although used the same entrance were located in two different rooms. The sleeping area was situated on a wooden mezzanine. Pallozas were commonly used until the second half of the 20th century. Many of them survived in Sierra dos Ancares to the West of the Camino at the border between Galicia and Leon and also in the Western Asturias. Today some of them are used as holiday homes, others as restaurants; in O’Cebreiro there is a museum in one of the them (free entrance).

Yellow arrow
151 km to Compostela Abow: Palloza, O’Cebreiro Photography: Katarzyna Kostrzewska

O’Cebreiro has its hero – Father Elías Valiña Sampedro, parish priest, scholar and author of books about the Camino of Santiago. He dedicated his life to the recreation of the Camino, personally marking out the route with yellow arrows, which today are commonly used for the whole length of the route. He is definitely one of the people who contributed to the revival of the Way of St James in the 20th century. O’Cebreiro, as a tourist and pilgrim centre, is also his work. The village didn’t forget the sublime priest and after his death erected a monument for him.

There is one general remark I have to make. As you are in Galicia the albergues’ furnishings might be, or shall I say will be, more modest than in Castile, Navarra or La Rioja. From now on information that there is a kitchen doesn’t mean that there will be pots, plates or even a single fork with broken tines, just as the fact that there is a toilet doesn’t automatically mean that there is toilet paper. It will be like this throughout Galicia. Starting in O’Cebreiro:

Albergue de O’Cebreiro, 104 beds, open all year round, heating, a kitchen, 6 Euros

O'Cebreiro to Tricastela 2
O’Cebreiro – Alto San Roque – Alto de Poio – Tricastela

Go back to the LU-633, make the descent and 3.30 km further on you reach Linares (1230m; 19 km1 km to Alto San Roque), a tiny settlement with a shop, restaurant and small hotel that looks like it has more rooms than Linares has inhabitants, no matter how the official statistics contradict this. In defence of the village, I will mention that it is the only settlement in the area that is mentioned in the 12th-century guidebook.

Albergue Linar do Rei, 22 beds, opens from March to November, kitchen, 10 – 20 Euros

Now you have to climb for about 700 meters until you reach Alto San Roque (1270m; 20 km1.60 to Hospital) marked with what logically should be a statue of San Roque, but apparently is just a figure of a pilgrim facing the strong Galician wind. The wind is winning the confrontation with the pilgrim on the verge of losing his hat.

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Alto de San Roque 1270 m Photography: Katarzyna Kostrzewska

Make a pleasant descent from Alto San Roque and then climb for a few minutes to Hospital (1241m; 21.60 km2.70 km to Alto de Poio), another tiny settlement with a history that dates back to the 9th century, when a hospice for the pilgrims was founded. There is a bar and an albergue:

Albergue de Hospital da Condesa, 20 beds, open all year round, heating, no designated space for bicycles, 6 Euros

On leaving Hospital you will have to climb another mountain. 2.70 km later you will reach Alto de Poio (1335 m; 24.30 km3 km to Fonfria)

As soon as you pass Alto de Poio there is a truly rewarding decent to Tricastela. The views are fabulous. 3 km of cycling and you will pass through Fonfria (1290m; 27.30 km10.80 to Tricastela), a small village with a church that was restored in the sixties. (Just like the ones in O’Cebreiro, Linares and Hospital) and an excellent albergue/bar:

Albergue A Reboleira, 80 beds, opens from March to November, heating, 8 Euros

Rewarding descent to Tricastela
Rewarding descent to Tricastela Copyright OpenStreetMap Contributors

From Fonfria the descent is even more impressive. The road bends and drops steeply in places. Make sure that you have your hands on the brakes all the time and enjoy the ride for 10.80 kilometres until you reach Triacastela.

Triacastela’s name (726m; 38.10 km4 km to San Cristovo do Real) derives from the three castles, which existed in this area in the 10th century and today decorate the municipality’s seal. The town itself was founded in the 9th century and from the very beginning was closely linked to the pilgrimage road to Santiago. Aymeric wrote about Triacastela, ‘at the foot of this mountain in Galicia” and mentions an old tradition according to which

pilgrims pick up a stone and carry it to Castaneda to make lime for the building of the Apostol’s church

in Santiago de Compostela.

The local stony church of St James has a Romanesque apse. The Parish priest is rather eccentric, so my friendly advice would be to visit the monastery in Samos instead.

There is an important archaeological site near Triacastela called Cova Eiros where there are dug out remains of fauna and flora from the Paleolithic era. Recently it was confirmed that archaeologists found 30,000-year-old rock paintings, the only ones known in Galicia.

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Bell tower of stony church of St James, Triacastela Photography: Katarzyna Kostrzewska

A sunny morning with mist patches in Triacastela is truly magical and gives you a foretaste of Galician weather at its best. Instead of going to the restaurant you might want to buy provisions from the local shop like empanada gallega, a delicious pastry with meat, fish or vegetable filling typical of the provincial cuisine. If you would like to stay here for the night you have the choice of six albergues:

Albergue de Triacastela, 56 beds, open all year round, heating, no designated space for bikes, 6 Euros

Albergue Aitzenea, 38 beds, opens from mid-March to the end of October, heating, a kitchen, 8 Euros

Albergue Berce do Caminho, 27 beds, open all year round, heating, a kitchen, 8 Euros

Albergue Complexo Xacobeo, 48 beds, open all year round, heating, a kitchen, 10 Euros

Albergue Refugio del Oribio, 27 beds, open all year round, heating, a kitchen, 9 Euros

Albergue A Horta de Abel, 20 beds, opens from April to mid-October, heating, a kitchen, 9 Euros

Albergue Atrio, 25 beds, opens from 1st February until 1st December, heating, a kitchen, 9 – 20 Euros

Albergue Lemos, 32 beds, open all year round, heating, a kitchen, 9 – 20 Euros

In Triacastela the Camino forks – one way goes through Calvor and the other through Samos. When I walked the Camino for the first time I decided on the Calvor path and took a wrong turn of course. I and fellow pilgrims realized that we are on the way to Samos, 5 kilometres further so we kept on going and never looked back.

To get to Sarria via Samos, stay on the LU-633. The road meanders between emerald hills. There are rocks to your right and a small river to your left. It is green and lovely. The road ascends and descends gently – Galicia is still on its best behaviour. 4.20 km further you will pass through San Cristovo do Real (622m; 42.10 km5.90 km to Samos; surely you noticed when you crossed the border that the spelling has changed, you no longer cycle on the Camino, but the Caminio, instead of the Castilian ‘de’ you have the Galician ‘do’ etc. never mind plenty of x’s) and several hundred meters further Lusio with an albergue organized in 16th century mansion:

Albergue Casa Forte de Lusío, 60 beds, open all year round, heating, a kitchen, 6 Euros

Pass Renche and after a short but stunning descent, 9.90 km from Triacastela you enter Samos.

IMG_7878
Benedictine monastery, the 16th – 18th century. The last enclave of peace and quiet on the Camino, Samos Below: The River Sarria and The Monastery Photography: Katarzyna Kostrzewska

The monastery in Samos (540m; 48 km13 km to Sarria City Hall) was founded in the 6th century by Saint Martin of Braga (Martín de Dumio), extraordinary men not only by the standards of his era. This monk after his pilgrimage to the Holy Land returned to convert this remote part of the Iberian Peninsula to Christianity. Probably in the mid-11th-century monks took the rule of San Benedict of Nursia, the founder of Western monasticism. This part hasn’t changed – the monastery today still belongs to the Benedictines. The monastery was an important stop on the Camino and from the early Middle Ages, monks took care of the pilgrims. Samos was the rulers’ favourite and thanks to many donations it was a thriving town for centuries. It was visited by kings, nobles and artists. The monks had the run of the famous pharmacy (in the monastery shop you can still buy their herb infusion) and an excellent school whose former pupil was between others the well-known Enlightenment scholar, Father Benito Jerónimo Feijóo. For centuries the Benedictine monastery in Samos was one of the most significant spiritual centres in this part of the Iberian Peninsula.IMG_7873

The monastery in Samos is vast. It has two cloisters, which are rather modest in conformity with Benedictine Order rules. The cloister of the Nereids was built in the 16th century in transitional Gothic-Renaissance style after the original Romanesque one was burned in 1536. On the keystones, there are depictions of the venerated by Benedictine saints. Not all of them are so pious, on one you will find for example an inscription that says,

What are you looking at, fool?

In the centre there is a failed 18th century fountain with Nereids, which as we remember are beautiful sea nymphs. These ones surely won’t charm you with their beauty which makes me wonder if either the sculptor was not very skilled or if he just didn’t want the Nereids to lead the monks into temptation. If the latter perhaps he should have chosen a different theme for instance, the Twelve Labours of Hercules. Next to the cloister is the refectory and library that suffered in another great fire in 1951. The second cloister is named after Father Benito Jerónimo Feijóo, whose monument was erected in the centre of the garden. It was built in the 17th- 18th centuries and is the largest cloister in Spain. When visiting the monastery, you will also be shown modern murals, pretty dreadful to be honest.

The sacristy and the church are a completely different matter. Both represent first-class Baroque and are not modest by any means. The interior of the church is well thought out, coherent and very elegant. When inside take a look at the church’s two domes. The 18th century façade has a double staircase inspired by the one in the Cathedral of Santiago.

Guided tours of the monastery and church are mornings from 10 am to 12.30 pm (Monday to Saturday) and 12.45 to 13.30 on Sundays and every afternoon between 4.30 -6.30 pm. A ticket costs 4 Euros, you can ask for details in the albergue or brilliant monastery shop.

The albergue in Samos belongs to the Benedictines and is very modest, but for some reason is on my list of favourites. The tap water might not be massively hot, there is no kitchen, and there is a small petrol station next to the albergue that always makes me wonder what will happen if a pilgrim smoking outside throws a cigarette butt too close to the petrol pump (regardless of the fact that placing a petrol station next to a monastery that burned down twice in the past is playing with fire). But there is such calm in the place and the town itself that whenever I can I stay here. Samos, hidden in the mountains is for me the last enclave of peace and quiet on the Camino:

Albergue Monasterio de Samos, 70 beds, open all year round, donation

Albergue Val de Samos, 48 beds, opens from mid-April to mid-October, heating, a kitchen, 10 Euros + 1 for the bike

Albergue Albaroque, 10 beds, open all year round, heating, 9 – 15 EurosIMG_7868

By the monastery lazily flows the river Sarria on whose banks live different duck and goose species. In places like this, the epic idylls were written in the past. Samos is a bucolic town but has all the services – shops, pharmacy, restaurants, bars and a petrol station of course. Some of the bars serve breakfast from the very early hours.